Emerita Augusta (Mérida)


It was a Roman city founded in 25 b.C. by the August Emperor.Though it was placed in a zone little romanized and surrounded with tribes: Vettones, Túrdulos y Lusitanos,soon it started being the most important area of the region.

His location was perfect.Is situated to the margin of the river Guadiana an in the confluence of importants roas links.The hills that surround her not only protect her,if not that are the perfect site for the construction of big public buildings.
Emerita Augusta it turned into one of the most important Roman cities.

His growth was the most important happened to be the capital of the Lusitania, one of three provinces in which the Hipania Roman was divided.
In 15 B.C., Marco Agripa donates the Theatre as legacy to the foundation of this province and of his capital, attacking, in addition, other big works of conditioning.By then already the murralla had been constructed.

Map of Emerita Augusta
Map of Emerita Augusta


About the year 50 the new Provincial Forum, enclosure is created porticado to that one was acceding for
“Arco de Trajano”.

Arco de Trajano
Arco de Trajano



In this century there are attacked several works of conditioning and communication in the Theatre and the Amphitheatre.
The influence of the emperors of Italic, Trajano and Adriano, did that the city was prospering in all the aspects, socially, economically and culturally.The reforms of Diocleciano award to Emerita Augusta the category of metropolis as center of communications and residence of authorities.












La city offers us a numerous series of the most important remains:
1.The Wall : Built in times of Augusto, it was extended later to include in his interior to the theatre and the amphitheatre.

40757-39399_p.jpg
Theatre of Merida

His structure, the habitual one of the Roman walls, consists of two walls, with a landfill of stones and land mixed with lime.

2.The Theatre:One of the theatres better preserved of the Iberian Peninsula

3.The Amphitheatre:Placed closely together of the theatre it has of considerable dimensions.

4.The Circus:Important remains in a condition of very acceptable conservation for this type of construction.




5.Municipal forum:

·Diana's temple. Example of temple períptero and hexástilo.

Diana's temple
Diana's temple



































Portico of the Forum.Of recent discovery it would be really one of the limits of the forum. The remains would belong to a construction porticada that delimited the statutory set.It was decorated by numerous sculptures placed in niches, and supported by Corinthian columns.


6.Forum Provincal:

·Trajano's Arch.Possibly the principal entry of this provincial forum, dedicated as the municipal forum, to the imperial worship.His name is totally arbitrary since it is not known by certainty his epoch of construction.

·Moderate basilical.The remains of the one that was a great building of unknown function.The condition in which he is is deficient since numerous housings were built on him.

·The Thermal baths.In the city thermal sets have been located both public and deprived.In the street Baños are a few remains of public thermal baths.Other sets have the particularity of being duplicated, a wing for men and other one for women.


7.Housings:

·Domus del Anfiteatro.

·Domus del Mitreo.

Domus de la Alcazaba. Type of house wiht a peristilum -court porticado- as axis of distibución of the stays.

·Domus de la Huerta de Otero. Another type of roman houes with peristilum to two levels like distribution element.Besides this court we still have remains of the corridors with mosaics and walls with paintings.A great thermal zone had private road distributed in two floors.

·Domus del Teatro. Of more late epoch, this domus is located behind the scene of the Theatre, to the west of the great garden porticado later to the same one.

·Domus de los Mármoles. A great housing of epoch tardoromana, placed directly and the wall, since one of susfachadas this one included in her.
Aqueducts of San Lázaro
Aqueducts of San Lázaro



8.Aqueducts:

·Aqueduct of San Lázaro

·Aqueduct of Los Miligros

·Dam of Cornalvo and aqueduct of Aqua Augusta.The dam was build in times of Augusto with a structure redressed concrete mixing plant of sillarejos staggered of granite.








Bridge on the Guadiana.

·Bridge on the Albarregas.Realized in the same epoch that the bridge of the Guadiana, this small bridge measures
Bridge of the Alcantarilla
Bridge of the Alcantarilla

145 meters of length. Placed in the Route of the silver.



















Tarraco (Tarragona)


The roman city of Tarraco had its origins in the military establishment created by the two brothers, consuls, Cneo and Publio Cornelio Escipión in the 218 a.C. when they commanded the arrival to the Iberian Peninsula, during the second Punic war.Tarraco was the capital of the most reduced Hispania Citerior, and later of the very extense so well known as Provincia Hispania Citerior.
The archaeological ensemble of Tarraco is one of the largest archaeological sites belonging to the Roman Hispania preserved in Spain. It was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2000. The city of Tarraco is the oldest Roman settlement on the Iberian Peninsula, becoming the capital of the province of Hispania Citeriorin the 1st century BC.

images[5].jpg




There are still many important Roman ruins in Tarragona. Part of the foundations of the large Cyclopean walls near the Headquarters of Pilate are believed to be of pre-Roman times. The building mentioned, a prison in the 19th century, is said to be the palace of Augustus.

Tarraco, like most ancient cities, has remained inhabited, having been dismantled by its own citizens for building materials. The amphitheater near the seashore was used as a quarry, and currently it only left a few traces. It was built above the circus, 45.72 meters long, although some sections of it may continue tracing.

images[6].jpg

Throughout the city are inscriptions in Latin and even in Phoenician on the stonjes of the houses.
A very well known monument in Tarraco is the Pont del Diable
250px-Roman_aqueduct_Tarragona.jpg


Legio VII (León)


Legio (León) fue una ciudad romana del Convento Asturicense, en la provincia tarraconense. Fundada hacia el 29 a. C. como campamento de la Legio VI Victrix,a finales del siglo I fue instalada la Legio VII Gemina.
La Legio VII Gemina fue una legión romana, creada por el emperador Galba cuando fue proclamado emperador por sus tropas en contra de Nerón en el año 68.Esta legión, nacida como Legio VII Galbiana.Las excavaciones arqueológicas en la ciudad de León, cuyo casco histórico mantienelas líneas esenciales, han permitido descubrir restos de la muralla campamental, de su foso, de la puerta Principalis Sinistra, del Pretorio y del Principia, de algunos barracones, y de las termas -debajo de la actual Catedral, junto con monedas, armas, restos de armaduras, y material de construcción sellado con la figlina .
Alrededor de este campamento, como era normal con todas las bases militares del Imperio Romano, fue creándose una ciudad civil, en la que se asentaban los comerciantes, y todas las personas que se encargaban de cubrir las necesidades de los soldados; en esta ciudad civil, los soldados terminaban por adquirir parejas estables, estas se transformaban en madres de sus hijos, y estas uniones, en principio prohibidas pero toleradas por las autoridades romanas, se regularizaban cuando los soldados se transformaban en veteranos.

la porta principalis sinistra
la porta principalis sinistra

la porta principalis sinistra