Trajano

Trajano
Trajano



He calls Marco Ulpio Trajano but is was know like Trajano.It was born in Santiponce, close to the current Seville on September 18, 53 and died in Selinus on August 9 of 117.

He was a Roman Emperor who reigned from the year 98 up to his death in 117. I conquer the Dacia and Mesopotamia, and he was the first Roman emperor of Hispanic origin, son of Nerva governed of César Divino.
About young he learned in the Roman Army and took active part in the campaigns of Roman Spain, Siria and Argot.

In 91 he was elected a consul.In 97, the emperor Nerva adopted and associated him with the Empire.In 101, he undertook his first campaign against the dacios, in Europa's south-east.
The fight was long, but towards 106, the Romans had submitted to the whole country, which turned into Dacia's Roman province.


The Roman Empire under the power of Trajano
The Roman Empire under the power of Trajano


This conquest was celebrated by games that lasted four months.There got up the famous Column Trajana in Trajano's Forum, in Rome (106-113 A.D.), to commemorate the victory.
In 113 A.D., the emperor directed a great expedition East against the childbirths.It landed in Syria, I add Armenia and the north of Mesopotamia as Roman provinces, it conquered Ctesifonte, the capital divides the river Tigris, and it advanced up to the gulf Pérsico.


Trajano's Victory
Trajano's Victory
In this point, the Jews of Mesopotamia took advantage of the isolation of the emperor to rebel.It returned to Rome, but he died of way in Selinonte, in Cilicia's Roman province. Plotina, who had accompanied his husband in his last expedition, returned to Rome with a golden urn containing his ashes and the imperial remains were deposited in the column Trajana.
Plotina did not take descent, but it influenced Trajano's decision to adopt as inheritor Adriano, for as whom Plotina was feeling a great estimation.

Trajano's column
Trajano's column

Sculpture of Trajano
Sculpture of Trajano























In spite of the fact that there happened most of his reign occupied in the military campaigns, it realized diverse administrative reforms.New routes, channels and bridges were constructed, there was restored the route Appia,
there dried up part of the plain Pontina, and Trajano's magnificent Forum got up, in Rome.
In Italy, Centum Cellae's port was constructed, and in Numidia's Roman province, in the north of Africa, Timgad's city was founded.His numerous public constructions debilitated the imperial arks, but it possessed the support of the Senate.Towards the Christians it demonstrated an intransigent attitude, but he did not promote any pursuit.

Marcial

Marcus Valerius Martialis (known in English as Martial) (March 1, between 38 and 41 AD - between 102 and 104 AD), was a Latin poet from Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula) best known for his twelve books of 7 Epigrams published in Rome between AD 86 and 103, during the reigns of the emperors Domitian, Nerva and Trajan. In these short, witty poems he cheerfully satirises.City life and the scandalous activities of his acquaintances, and romanticises his provincial upbringing. He wrote a total of 1,561, of which 1,235 are in elegiac couplets. He is considered to be the creator of the modern epigram.


QCA9ISAZ4CAXBFSJPCA7SK7N7CAAQ7MSBCA2I3B8JCAS218UVCATJX694CA2XTHCQCANBLR4ECATK9I4VCAKJYM5SCAHHR9YXCALHJVEUCAPH0PZVCA90DUYMCAD2WD8SCANVVE8MCA4XQU5JCASRTBJV.jpg
3CAIR4PGWCAQ6WUX4CA0BG1FSCA8PBFPXCAEOY35FCAOTLCSUCAWKDLQOCANYYC60CA2BY8KKCAHFM5CZCAIWPAWRCACAFS7KCAI186J5CAS5FSXSCARQIWCXCADVKQNYCANF8OXICA7KJ2LSCAMD8XRO.jpg













His origins and early life are derived almost entirely from his works, which can be more or less dated according to the well-known events to which they refer. In Book X of his Epigrams, composed between 95 and 98, he mentions celebrating his fifty-seventh birthday; hence he was born on March 1, 38, 39, 40 or 41 AD, under Caligula or Claudius. His place of birth was Augusta Bilbilis (now Calatayud) in Hispania Tarraconensis. His parents, Fronto and Flaccilla, appear to have died in his youth.

Seneca


Lucio Anneo Séneca llamado Séneca el Joven (Córdoba, 4 a. C.– Roma, 65) fue un filósofo, político, orador y escritor romano conocido por sus obras de carácter moralista. Fue Cuestor, Pretor, Senador del Imperio Romano durante varios gobiernos (Tiberio, Calígula, Claudio y Neró) además de Ministro, tutor y consejero del emperador Nerón. Séneca destacó como pensador e intelectual y como político.
En el año 59, la antiguamente gran valedora de Séneca,Agripina, fue asesinada por Nerón, marcando el inicio del fin de Séneca. Séneca llevo a cabo una campaña de lavado de imagen pública del emperador a fin de minimizar el impacto que pudiera tener el crimen: Séneca escribió la famosa carta al Senado en la que justificaba a Nerón explicando cómo Agripina había conspirado en contra de su hijo. Este hecho ha sido muy criticado con posterioridad, y ha sido germen frecuente de las acusaciones de hipocresía contra Séneca.
Sea como fuere, en el año 65 se le acusó de estar implicado en la famosa conjura de Pisón contra Nerón. Aunque no existieran pruebas firmes en su contra, la conjura de Pisónsirvió a Nerón como pretexto para purgar a la sociedad romana de muchos patricios y caballeros que consideraba subversivos o peligrosos, y entre ellos se encontraba el propio Séneca. Así pues, Séneca fue, junto con muchos otros,condenado a muerte, víctima de la conjura fracasada.