This page has been created by Andrea Ors, Celia Pastor, Gabriela Reyna, Marilyn Quintana and Raquel Martinez, students from 3ºESO of IES Parque de Lisboa (Alcorcón, Spain)

Our country, our city, our school




My Country Facts


General Information

Official Name of the Country

The Kingdom of Spain

Year that country joined the UN

1955

People:


1. What are the people from the country called?

They are called Spanish.

2. What is the official language? What other languages do people speak ?

The official language is Spanish but Aranese, Basque, Catalan, Valencian and Galician are other recognized regional regions.

3. What is the most-practiced religion?

The most-practiced religion is Christianity but there are some people who practice Islam, Judaism or other religions.

4. What is the population density of your country?

The population density of Spain is 91,13 inhabitants per kilometre square.



Government:


1. What is the name of thee leader of the country?

The king's name is Juan Carlos I and the prime minister's name is Jose Luis Rodríguez Zapatero.

2. What type of government is the country ruled by?

The type of government of Spain is a parliamentary democracy and a costitutional monarchy , so the Monarch is the head of State and the President of the government is the head of government in a multi-party system.

3. What are the main political parties of the country?

Some of the main political partiesof Spain are the Socialist Party, the People's party, the United Left and the convergence and Union.
The Spanish Socialist Party is the ruling political party in Spain and it was founded in 1833. It identifies its self as a centre-left, social-democratic, democratic socialistic and progressive party.
It was founded with the purpose of representing and defending the interests of the workers' class, which was born in the industrial revolution in the 19th century.
The ideology of the Spanish Socialist Party has involved throughout the 20th century, due to historical events and social development.
In 1979, the party abandoned the marxist (Karl Marx, philosopher) thesis.
From that moment, several events demonstrated that the projects from the Spanish Socialist Party were similar to other parties' projects.
Currently, the Socialist Party is focused on the sociodemocray.

The People's Party is a center right political party in Spain.
It was a re-foundation of the People's Alliance, a party led and founded by Manuel Fraga Iribarne.
Its ideology is based on the conservatism, liberal conservatism, Christian democracy and National Catholitism.

- Conservatism is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maint of traditional institutions and supports minimal and gradual change in society.
- Liberal conservatism is a variant of political conservatism which incorporates liberal elements.
- Christian democracy is a political ideology that usually applies Christian principles to public policy.
- National Catholitism was part of the ideological identity of Francoism. Its most visible manifestation was the hegemony that the Catholic Church had in all aspects of public and private life.

4. Was your country ever a colony? If so, when did it gain its independence?

ISome territories that belonged to Sapin are America, the actual countries of the Dominican Republic, the Bahamas Islands, San Cristóbal, Asia, the North of Taiwán, Ternate and Tidore (Indonesia), Mocao (China), Nagasaki (Japan), Malaca (Malasia), Africa, Bugía, Trípoli, Túnez, Portugal, Naples Kingdom and the Low Countries.

5. How is Spain politically divided?

Spain is politically divided into 19 autonomous comunities like Madrid or Castilla and León.



Geography:


1. Where is the country?

It is situated on the western Europe. It occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula, and out of it, Spain owns two archipelagoes: the Baleares Islands and the Canary Islands, two cities: Ceuta and Melilla, and in the north of Africa, the Alborán Island.

2. What other nations border the country?

The physical borders of Spain are the following ones: in the west, Portugal; in the south, it borders Gibraltar and Morocco. In the northeast, it borders France and the tiny principality of Andorra along the Pyreenes mountain ranges.

3. What kind of landscape does the country have?

Spanish relief is very elevated, with an average of 660 metres. It is mountanious if we compare it with other European countries. The relief is accumulated around a Central Plate, which occupies most of the Iberian Peninsula. The main mountanious ranges are: the Pyrenees, the Iberic range, the Central range, the Cantabric mountain range and the Betic mountain ranges.

4. What type of climate does your country have?

Due to Spain's geographical situation and orographic (relief) conditions, the climate is extremely diverse; besides the mountain climate, it canbe divided into five areas:

- A continental Meditarranean climate in the inland areas of the Peninsula.
- An Oceanic climate or arid Mediterranean in the southeast.
- A Mediterranean climate region extends from the Andalusian plain along the southern and eastern coasts up to th ePyrenees, on the seaward side to the mountain ranges that run near the coast. Also in Ceuta and Melilla.
- A semiarid climate or arid Mediterranean in the southeast.
- A subtropical climate in the Canary Islands and some areas in the coast of Granada and Málaga.
The rain in Spain does not fall mainly in the plain. It falls mainly in the northern mountains.


Economy:


1. What is the most common sector of employment in the country?

The most common sector of employment in Spain is the services' sector.

2. What is the unemployment rate in your country?

Unemployment stood at 7.6% in October 2006 and by the endof May 2009, it has already reached 18.7%.

3. Which is the currency of your country?

The Spanish coin is the euro.

The most surprising thing I learned about my country was the amount of territories Spain has owned throughout history.